Fermat’s Little Theorem states that ap – a is divisible without remainder if p is a prime, and a is…

# The Math Behind RSA Algorithm

RSA is still the most common public key algorithm in cryptography world. Even though, applying the algorithm is very easy,…

# Unofficial Guide to Fermat’s Little Theorem

Fermat contributes construction of modern math with well known theorems. Today, we are going to mention the little one. This is…

# A Step By Step C4.5 Decision Tree Example

Decision trees are still hot topics nowadays in data science world. Here, ID3 is the most common conventional decision tree algorithm…

# Random Initialization in Neural Networks

Neural networks requires to apply several state-of-the-art techniques such as choice of activation function, or network design to push their…

# How Vectorization Saves Life in Neural Networks

Developers tend to handle problems with conditional statements and loops. This is the number one topic of developers and data…

# A Step By Step Bitcoin Address Example

A money transfer transaction must include sender and receiver account information and transaction amount. On the other hand, a bitcoin…

# Convolutional Autoencoder: Clustering Images with Neural Networks

Previously, we’ve applied conventional autoencoder to handwritten digit database (MNIST). That approach was pretty. We can apply same model to…

# Autoencoder: Neural Networks For Unsupervised Learning

Neural networks are like swiss army knifes. They can solve both classification and regression problems. Surprisingly, they can also contribute…

# Handling Overfitting with Dropout in Neural Networks

Overfitting is trouble maker for neural networks. Designing too complex neural networks structure could cause overfitting. So, dropout is introduced to…